Wednesday, January 4, 2012

The Greek Word for "mark"

This article is a mess. I apologize. The format is messed up,
and I will replace it with a copy in a new blog.
For now, please read the summary of this information, at:
Exodus 13:15-16
"And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem. And it shall be for a token upon thine hand, and for frontlets between thine eyes: for by strength of hand the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt."
A TOKEN would be placed on their hands and foreheads, signifying God's salvation of the firstborn.
Exodus 13:9
"And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyesthat the LORD'S law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt."
That symbolic token on the hand and forehead would also signify that God's Law would be remembered...always present in our heart, and then proceed from our mouth. (See Deut.6:6,8; 11:18; Luke 6:45) What our heart contained would become evident by our words (Matt.12:33,34,35) and on this basis, we would be judged (Matt.12:37,36). This evidence of our heart's spiritual condition, is symbolized by a spiritual identifying mark, on our hands (evident deeds) and forehead (beliefs, moral code, mental disposition, spiritual perspective and perceptions -Eze.9:4). (Deut.6:6,8; Rev.13:16,17)
Here we see that "the Lord's Law", backed by God's witness when using His power to save,
was signified by the "token" God's people would accept on their forehead and hand.
This served as a token/reminder, to be in servitude to God, and to let His Law guide our mind, actions, and speech/witnessing/"mouth". (Rev.7:3; 14:1)
For, "out of the heart's abundance (Deut.6:6), the mouth speaks." (Luke6:45; Eph.4:15; 1Tim.4:16; John7:38)
Within such sacrifices (Heb.13:15), we imitate Christ (Rev.3:14; John18:37; 1:4; 4:14)(Matt.5:14; Luke12:35; Acts1:8).
When we read in Revelation, that God's people leave this servitude and honor for God, in order to serve and worship the Wild Beast, False Prophet, and Satan (Rev.13:4,11,12,7,8);
signified again as having their forehead and hand brand-marked by their lies (666 -Rev.13:16,17,18) (Isa.44:20; Ps.144:8; Matt.15:11)
they are no longer obedient slaves of God and Christ, but have become idolators.
This sin also overtakes the "Holy Ones" (Rev.13:7,10; Dan.7:21; 11:12,13,24,33,22; 8:11; Matt.24:24,25; Luke21:24; Rev.11:2; 1Cor.3:16; 2Thess.2:4)
They no longer have "the Lord's thy mouth" (Ex.13:9) and heart (Deut.6:6), but rather, "unclean inspired expressions" (Rev.16:13; 1Tim.4:1).
  During their slavery to the Beast, False Prophet, and Satan, God's chosen priests are breaking their covenant with God (Deut.10:8; 17:12; 18:5; 21:5; 1Cor.6:1-3; 1Pet.2:10,9; 1Chron.15:2; Rev.5:10), by ceasing their priestly service to God (with the exception of Christ - Jer.33:18; Heb.9:11,24; 8:5; 12:22-23; Eze.22:30) (Dan.8:11,13; 11:28,30; 7:25; 12:11; Rev.13:7; 11:2; Matt.5:13; Isa.51:23; Luke21:24; Rev.13:10) (Isa.62:6; Rev.8:1; Isa.56:10) (John16:13; Isa.62:1-2; Rev.2:17; Heb.1:1; Rev.11:3; 10:7; 22:6).
According to Ex.13:9; Deut.11:18 and Deut.6:8;
the Bible itself interprets the meaning of Rev.13:16,17.
The Wild Beast Organization is now being given credit for salvation
(instead of God -Rev.7:10; Isa.43:11) (Ex.13:16; Deut.6:6,8) (Rev.13:16,8; Rom.1:25).
The Gentile Beast has replaced Christ as Head of the Bride Congregation (Eph.5:25; Dan.8:11; 11:31; 2Thess2:4) due to the false prophet's endorsement of that Beast and it's idolatrous image (Rev.19:20; Rev.2:20; 8:10,11; 9:1; 13:15)
(2Thess.2:4; 2Cor.11:20; Col.2:19).
("the number of a man" -Rev.13:18; 2Thess.2:3,4)
It is the Law of the Beast, whose "image"/"Idol" has been deified by the false prophet, from which the people seek salvation, knowledge, guidance, and doctrine to teach,
rather than from God (Matt.4:4; John17:17; 2Tim.3:16,17) through his Chosen priests (Mal.2:7; Rev.5:10; 2Cor.5:20; 13:3; 1John4:1; Matt.10:20; 1Cor.4:1).
This is the meaning of being marked on the forehead and hand, by the lies of the Beast (666)(Rev.13:16; Rom.1:25), instead of by God (Deut.6,8; Rev.7:3; 14:1; 22:4).
Ex.13:9; Deut.6:6,8; Rev.7:3; 14:1; 22:4
Who do you credit for your salvation?
Whose teachings to you obey?
How do you treat the "least" of Christ's faithful brothers,
who care not for the approval of men
(Gal.1:10; John5:44; Rom.2:28,29; Acts5:29; John16:2; Matt.5:11)....
   The way Jesus directs you to treat them (Matt.25:45,46,40; Luke10:16),
   or the way the Organization directs you to treat them after they are cast out?
(John16:2; Matt.10:22; 24:9; Rev.11:3,7-10; Heb.13:13; Isa.66:2,5; Mark 8:35; Rev.6:9-11)
          (Because they disagree with the wicked steward (Luke12:42,45; Rev.17:6),
           the idolization of the Organization (Rev.13:8,7; Rom.1:25),
           the nullifying of God's Word
           (Rev.13:11; 1Tim.4:1; Rev.16:13-16; 20:7-8; 12:15,17; Dan.8:12),
           and believe they must serve God and His truth alone.
           --Matt.4:10; Dan.11:32)
2Cor.11:4,20,12-15; Rev.2:20; 13:15-16
More info. on this subject can be found at:
As an addition to the last post below, about who is to blame for the deaths of the wicked;
we can also use today's cited scripture for the previous lesson...
Ex.13:15 states that "the Lord Slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt".
Now let's check on the details...
Ex.12:23; Heb.11:28
We see again that it was by His giving Satan permission, that God slew the firstborn of Egypt,
and protected the firstborn of Israel from the destroyer.
God is ascribed the destruction of the wicked, only because Almighty God permits Satan to destroy. Satan is the destroying murderer (Rev.9:11; John8:44; 10:10; Isa.33:1).
The "mother" "Covenant with Death" ["Babylon the Great"], is not with God, but with Satan. (Isa.28:15,18; Rev.9:1,11; Rev.17:5 [Gal.4:26,24])
God does not need to execute anyone. Everyone under Satan's authority, is already dying (Gen.2:17; 1Cor.15:22). God has surrendered Creation to corruption/destruction/Satan (Rom.8:20,21,22,25). If God judges and condemns us, we belong to sin and death (Rom.5:12).
God owes the giving of His Spirit and endless life, to no sinful man. Spirit and Life come through those who learn his way, truth, and life, and obey it (John5:21,22; 1Cor.15:45; John8:51; Matt.25:46).
Those who receive this grace of God, and betray it, enter into the second death...
an irreversible condemnation. Even so, their actual physical and spiritual deaths, are by means of their murderous father of choice, Satan;
and by means of their Covenant "Mother" of choice, "Babylon the Great".
To follow, is some interesting research into the ancient significance of being marked on the hand and forehead, in addition to what we have learned from Deut.6:6,8.
The Greek word for "mark" (as in Rev.13:16,17) is:  charagma
The Bible has used the symbolic event of marking the foreheads 
(and sometimes hands) of identities in the Bible. If we examine
those scriptural occurrences, as well as this practice of ancient
culture, we can understand who receive such a mark, why they 
receive it, and what those marks mean. Divine Truth about the meaning 
of being "marked" "on the forehead", can only be derived from the 
Bible. Any deductions and conclusions sourced in human thinking and
not the scriptures, are simply not true.

Please use the mouse-over, and examine these Bible examples of
marking the forehead, and what they mean....

Deut.6:17,8; 11:18; Isa.48:4; Jer.3:3; Eze.3:7,8,9; 16:12 indicator of one's dominant thinking.

According to Ezek.9:4; 
the mark on the forehead is a sign of the mental 
disposition of it's bearer. 
Exo.13:9 shows that our forehead mark is the source of what we speak. 

These are our first scriptural clues.

Here we are told that the telltale mark on the forehead, indicates a 
"seal" established identity as to who one serves. This is our 
second scriptural clue. Rev.14:1; 22:4
Here we again see that the forehead can be marked with the 
"seal of our God". 
This indicates that a mark on the forehead can identify one as 
belonging to God. 
The "Wild Beast" forces all who worship it to receive it's mark 
under threat of death (Rev.13:15). One can not "buy or sell" 
without this identifying mark. We are told that the mark of the 
Beast is "the beast's name, or the number of it's name" (666) 
(see ).
ALL 144,000...all those anointed who prove faithful, have been 
"marked" on their forehead as identified with Jehovah. 
Their reward is contrasted with the outcomefor those marked 
with the "Beast". Those identified with the Wild Beast will be 
objects of God's anger and wrath. The mark of the Beast is here 
associated withthose who "worship" it. They are to suffer the 
plague of "pestilence".(Rev.16:2)

People have received the "mark of the Beast" and worshiped it, 
because they were deceived (Rev.19:20; Rev.12:9). Who deceived them? 
used the "False Prophet", empowering that one with lying "signs" 
(2Thess.2:9,10; Rev.9:1,3).
Here we see that any anointed one who receives this mark from the 
Beast, will not inherit his reward.
Those who are marked on the forehead by Jehovah, will be His 
worshipers and servants. These will see God's face (Matt.5:8).
Rev.3:12 further expands, that these victorious ones will also 
be marked as servants of Christ, and servants of New Jerusalem.

An important key which few recognize, is Rev.17:5
There we see that the "Harlot" is also marked on her forehead.
It is often concluded that this is the name of the Harlot
who is riding the Wild Beast.
When we know what it means to be marked on the forehead, we
then know that this Harlot is NOT "Babylon the Great" but IS
rather, Babylon the Great's HARLOT SLAVE and DAUGHTER
Babylon the Great is the mother of the "Harlots". 
Can you see this?
"Mothers", are Covenants (Gal.4:24,26). 
(see )
Babylon the Great, is the "Covenant with Death" Isa.28:15

From these scriptures we learn that all these people are marked...
either by the "Beast"; by "Babylon the Great"; or by Jehovah, his Son, 
and His Holy City. 
This is a mark of servitude (slavery), worship, mental disposition, 
and ownership.
We see this clearly, based upon scripture. 
What about history...what about the ancient world which the 
writer of the Book of Revelation would be familiar?
Do the common practices of his day help to expound upon this meaning?

Tattooing was sometimes used instead of branding as a means of
permanently marking a slave. For the Romans and Greeks, tattooing 
usually signified degradation (that is, a lowering of status), 
because it was a treatment customarily reserved for slaves... 
The available explicit evidence indicates that the tattoos applied to 
criminals, and usually consisted of the name of their crime. 

Plato says that a temple robber, if a slave or an alien, should have
offense tattooed on his hands and forehead. (Rev.13:16) 
Plautus makes reference to a 'literate' thief whose forehead is 
(it seems) with FVR, clearly indicating his offense. 
Cicero indicates that the letter K was the mark put on the head 
of those convicted of calumnia (that is, making a false accusation)
(false witness). 
And Petronius mentions foreheads inscribed with large letters of 
his offense, and whole faces with the inscription of runaway slaves
...Conjectures begin with F or FVG for fugitivus."

KAL derives from a very old Latin word (thus the K at the beginning -
in classic Latin, it became a C): kalumnior = To accuse falsely, 
bringfalse information against a person, practice chicanery, trickery, 
or subterfuge, etc. A kalumniator was the person who did so.

The ancient Romans branded slaves who were liars or false accusers
with the letters "KAL", or sometimes simply "K" (for "kalumnia",
lie" or "falsehood").
meaning "
"To be branded with a K (kalumnia). So, according to the Lex Memmia,
false accusers were branded in the forehead."

Take note that the common forehead brandmark "KAL", indicates "lie" 
or "falsehood". 

This is exactly what the "number" of the Beast 
(666), means.

Bootleg Books: The Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Roman law regarded slaves as mere chattels. 
Punishments inflicted upon slaves were merciless.
They were subject to thewill of their masters, 
against which they enjoyed no protection.
Hard labour, whippings, branding, breaking of the joints or bones, 
branding of
forehead with letters denoting the slave as a runaway, liar or thief
Chigwell School: Introduction to Ancient Slavery
University of California Press: Penal Tattooing in Late Antiquity
The ancient Romans branded slaves who were liars or false accusers
with the letters "KAL", or sometimes simply "K" (for "kalumnia",
meaning "lie" or "falsehood"). Runaway slaves were branded with the
letters "FUG", which was an abbreviation of "fugitivus," meaning
"runaway." Thieving slaves received a brand of "FUR", from the Latin
word for thief, "fure,"  or "CF", representing "cave furem', which
stood for "beware the thief". (It should be noted that the Romans
actually used the letter V in place of the U; there is no letter U in
the Roman alphabet.)

"Slaves sometimes caused trouble by rebelling or trying to run away.
When this happened, more often than not the slave received extremely
harsh punishment. For example, a slave who ran away and was caught was
branded with the letters 'FUG' (for fugitivus, meaning 'runaway') on
his forehead."

a mark

The word "mark" comes from the Greek word P"D"(:" - charagma - which means: a scratch,
etching or stamp (as a badge of servitude);1 a stamp that was once used on deeds of sale and
similar documents that contained the name and regnal year of the emperor.2
regarded slaves as
Treatment of Slaves "Roman law mere chattels. They were subject to the
enjoyed no protection. Here are more interesting scriptural ref
will of their masters, against which the yerences... The Right Hand
nd" is symbolic of power, strength and authority over one's self and his surroundings. Exodus 15:6"Your right ha
In the Bible, the "Right H and O Lord glorious in power, Your right hand, O Lord shatters the foe!" Duet. 33:2"...Lightning flashing at them from His right."
nd ‘legitimate.’6 In Greek, ‘Right’ is dexios7 which is derived from dechomai - to receive, accept, take (willingly)8 - an exercise of individual po
‘Right’ is from the Latin rectus - which means “ruled.” The adjectival semantic strands include: ‘straight,’ ‘upright,’ ‘righteous,’ awer to receive/accept something or not. "His right hand man." is an idiom describing one in whom authority is willfully delegated and can be trusted by the delegator.
over himself (free will) to contract or not contract with others around him, also in whom he will place his faith and trust. The Forehead The Greek word for 'forehead' is :XJfB@< - metophon.10 It is derived from the word meta, which means accompanying, participation, proximity, transfer or seque
Jesus sits at the “right hand of the father”9 making Him God's Right Hand Man. Biblically, the ‘right hand’ symbolizes God's authority over His creation, and man's authorit ynce 11 and the word ops(i), which means face. In the Christian religion, salvation is through the doctrine of Faith in the Lord for safety, security, and subsistence. The Mark of the Beast is Satan's way of shifting the only parameter that matters - Faith - from God to man to attain those ends.
ma: a stamp, impress Original Word: χάραγμα, ατος, τό Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: charagma Phonetic Spelling: (khar'-ag-mah) Short Definition: sculpture, a stamp, sig
The Mark of the Beast will be voluntary, such as the aforementioned "marks" currently are. A day will soon come when we will have to decide in whom to place our Faith - in God or in man. By: David Deschesne Here are some definitions of Bible words which may help augment your understanding: chara gn Definition: sculpture; engraving, a stamp, sign. 5480 xáragma – properly, an engraving (etching); (figuratively) a mark providing undeniable identification, like a symbol giving irrefutable connection between parties. 5480 /xáragma ("brand-mark") was originally any impress on a coin or a seal, used by an engraver on a die (stamp, branding iron). 5480 (xáragma) later became "the identification-marker" (like with an owner's unique "brand-mark").
ax; a scratch or etching, i.e. Stamp (as a badge of servi
[Ancient documents were validated by such stamps or seals (see Plutarch, Agesilaus, 15:6; De Lysandro 16:2, ala DNTT, 2, 574).] Word Origin from charassó (to sharpen, to engrave) Definition a stamp, impress NASB Word Usage image formed (1), mark (7). NAS Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible with Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek Dictionaries Copyright © 1981, 1998 by The Lockman Foundation All rights reserved stamp, mark. From the same as cha rtude), or scupltured figure (statue) -- graven, mark. see GREEK charax χαλκὸν — 3 Occ. χαλκὸς — 1 Occ. χαλκοῦ — 1 Occ. χαμαὶ — 2 Occ. Χαναὰν — 2 Occ. Χαναναία — 1 Occ. χαρά — 23 Occ. χαρὰν — 14 Occ. χαρᾶς — 22 Occ. χάραγμα — 7 Occ. χαρακτὴρ — 1 Occ. χάρακά — 1 Occ. χαρισάμενος — 1 Occ. χαρίσασθαι — 2 Occ. χαρίσασθέ — 1 Occ. χαρίσεται — 1 Occ. χαρισθῆναι — 1 Occ. χαρισθήσομαι — 1 Occ. χαρισθέντα — 1 Occ. χαρίζεσθαί — 1 Occ.
s which were inflicted upon slaves. So too, being thrown to the wild beasts in the circu
Related to Cainanite, and Cain (who was marked, cursed, guilty) (1John3:12; Matt.24:49). Related to "to surrender, to grant, yield, give in" Related to exact image, representation Punishments inflicted upon slaves were merciless. Hard labour, whippings, branding, breaking of the joints or bones, branding of the forehead with letters denoting the slave as a runaway, liar or thief (FUG, KAL, FUR) and crucifixion were all punishmen tses or even being burnt alive in a cloak soaked in pitch." (Dan.7:7; Acts20:29) Chigwell School: Introduction to Ancient Slavery classics/courses/ks3/iiird-form/slavery/ Post from alt.messianic newsgroup "Runaway slaves (fugitivi) and thieves (fures) were branded on the forehead with a mark (stigma), whence they are said to be notati or inscripti."
offense. "For others, like the Greeks and Romans, slaves were t
University of Kansas: A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities rome/E/Roman/Texts/secondary/SMIGRA*/Servus.html "To be branded with a K (kalumnia). So, according to the Lex Memmia, false accusers were branded in the forehead." Bootleg Books: The Dictionary of Phrase and Fable Tattooing was sometimes used instead of branding as a means of permanently marking a slave with the sign of hi sattooed with 'Stop me' or 'I'm a runaway' on their foreheads." OTHER USES OF RELATED GREEK WORDS: University of La Verne: La Verne Magazine Greek krugma, preaching, proclamation, from krux, krug-, herald.] erygma [ˌkeˈriːgmə] n (Christianity / Ecclesiastical Terms) Christianity the essential news of Jesus, as preached by the early Christians to elicit faith rather than to educate or instruct [from Greek: preaching, proclamation] ThesaurusLegend: Synonyms Related Words Antonyms Noun 1.
by herald in the NT the message or proclamation of the heralds of God or
kerugma - preaching the gospel of Christ in the manner of the early church kerygma preaching, sermon, discourse - an address of a religious nature (usually delivered during a church service) Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2011 Princeton University, Farlex Inc. Strong's Number: 2782 kh/rugma Original Word Word Origin kh/rugma from (2784) Transliterated Word Phonetic Spelling Kerugma kay'-roog-mah Parts of Speech TDNT Noun Neuter 3:714,430 Definition that which is proclaimed by a herald or public crier, a proclamatio nChrist Translated Words KJV (8) - preaching, 8;NAS (8) - message preached, 1; preaching, 5; proclamation, 2; Verse Count KJV NAS Matthew 1 Luke 1 Romans 1 1 Corinthians 3 2 Timothy 1 Titus 1 Matthew 1 Luke 1 Romans 1 1 Corinthians 3 2 Timothy 1 Titus 1 KERUGMA (noun) Sense 1 kerugma [BACK TO TOP] Meaning: Preaching the gospel of Christ in the manner of the early church Classified under: Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents Synonyms: kerugma; kerygma Hypernyms ("kerugma" is a kind of...): discourse; preaching; sermon (an address of a religious nature (usually delivered during a church service))
of his name. KJV: receiveth the mark of his INT: receives the mark of the name Revelation 16:2 N-ANS BIB: ἔχοντας τὸ χάραγμα τοῦ θηρίου NAS: who had the mark of the beast KJV: which had the mark of th
χάραγμα (charagma) — 7 OccurrencesRevelation 13:16 N-ANS BIB: δῶσιν αὐτοῖς χάραγμα ἐπὶ τῆς NAS: to be given a mark on their right KJV: to receive a mark in their INT: it should give them a mark on the Revelation 13:17 N-ANS BIB: ἔχων τὸ χάραγμα τὸ ὄνομα NAS: the one who has the mark, [either] the name KJV: save he that had the mark, or the name INT: has the mark the name Revelation 14:9 N-ANS BIB: καὶ λαμβάνει χάραγμα ἐπὶ τοῦ NAS: and receives a mark on his forehead KJV: and receive [his] mark in his INT: and receives a mark on the Revelation 14:11 N-ANS BIB: λαμβάνει τὸ χάραγμα τοῦ ὀνόματος NAS: receives the mark e beast, and INT: had the mark of the beast Revelation 19:20 N-ANS BIB: λαβόντας τὸ χάραγμα τοῦ θηρίου NAS: who had received the mark of the beast KJV: them that had received the mark of the beast, INT: having received the mark of the beast Revelation 20:4 N-ANS BIB: ἔλαβον τὸ χάραγμα ἐπὶ τὸ NAS: and had not received the mark on their forehead KJV: had received [his] mark upon INT: did take the mark upon the
ρισθέντα — 1 Occ. << χαρᾶς χάραγμα χαράγματι >> related to: Strong's Number: 2784 khru/ssw Original Word Word Origin khru/ssw of uncertain affinity Transliterated Word Phonetic Spelling Kerusso kay-roos'-so Parts of Speech TDNT Verb 3:697,430 Definition to be a herald, to officiate as a herald to proclaim after the manner of a herald always with the suggestion of formality, gravity and an authority which must be listen
Strong's Greek 5480 8 Occurrences χάραγμα — 7 Occ. χαράγματι — 1 Occ. χαλκολιβάνῳ — 2 Occ. χαλκὸν — 3 Occ. χαλκὸς — 1 Occ. χαλκοῦ — 1 Occ. χαμαὶ — 2 Occ. Χαναὰν — 2 Occ. Χαναναία — 1 Occ. χαρά — 23 Occ. χαρὰν — 14 Occ. χαρᾶς — 22 Occ. χαράγματι — 1 Occ. χαρακτὴρ — 1 Occ. χάρακά — 1 Occ. χαρισάμενος — 1 Occ. χαρίσασθαι — 2 Occ. χαρίσασθέ — 1 Occ. χαρίσεται — 1 Occ. χαρισθῆναι — 1 Occ. χαρισθήσομαι — 1 Occ. χ αed to and obeyed to publish, proclaim openly: something which has been done used of the public proclamation of the gospel and matters pertaining to it, made by John the Baptist, by Jesus, by the apostles and other Christian teachers Translated Words KJV (61) - preach, 51; preached + (2258), 2; preacher, 1; proclaim, 2; publish, 5;NAS (61) - made proclamation, 1; preach, 16; preached, 10; preacher, 1; preaches, 2; preaching, 11; proclaim, 8; proclaimed, 6; proclaiming It would seem from all this, that one is either marked by the a slave to it's religious lies, it's thefts, and it's false witnessing and false slander.... Or, one is marked as a slave to the preaching of Truth, a slave of Jehovah, Christ, and New Jerusalem. Mal.3:18; Amos5:15 LINK TO HOME BACK TO DIRECTORY